EDF 2005 Chapter 4,5,6,&7  Test study guide


Chapter 4

 1          A state establishes “standards” which students must meet in order to graduate. The state is most likely focusing on which broad educational goal?

2.         Which of the following was the influential report that focused the nation's attention on the need for education reform, and set in motion the first of three waves of reform that have been buffeting American schools since the 1980s?

3.         Immediately after the release of A Nation at Risk most school reformers focused on

4.         In a second wave of school reform, educators such as Theodore Sizer, John Goodlad, and Ernest Boyer called for such things as

5.         An examination of the history of school reform movements in the U.S. reveals

6.         Open enrollment is the term given to

7.         Edison Schools

8.         Home schooled students

9.         Tom and Susan Ranew home schooled all of their children. They created

10.        All the following are reasons for home schooling except

11.        The Ranew family considers the _________ their classroom.

12.        Susan Ranew believes that as teachers we should

13.        The negative side of home schooling appears in some college students.

14.        Tom Ranew stated that “before 1830 everybody was

Chapter 5

15.        In Life in Classrooms, Philip Jackson characterizes school life as

16.        John Goodlad found that teachers

17.        Philip Jackson calls teachers gatekeepers because

18.        The “rule of two-thirds,” uncovered by Ned Flanders, indicates that

19.        Sociologist Talcott Parsons’s investigation of the tracking system led to the conclusion that tracking is

20.        Which of the following best describes a characteristic of adolescent culture in school?

21.        When people remember their high school experiences, they are most likely to recall issues concerning the

22.        Research on effective school leaders suggests that such leaders do all of the following EXCEPT

23.            23.Pygmalion in the Classroom, a 1969 publication by Rosenthal and Jacobson, supports the premise that student achievement can be increased when teachers

Chapter 6

24.        The sequence of planned learning experiences described in course guides and syllabi is called

25.        A major difference between the formal and the hidden curriculum is

26.        The formal curriculum of the 17th century was primarily concerned with

27.        Literacy and vocational competence became important school goals in the 19th century due to the forces of

28.        When immigrants flocked to the U.S. in the early 20th century, schools assumed responsibility for

29.        The “romantic” critics of the later 1960s believed that the curriculum should be

30.        In an open classroom, children are encouraged to

31.        The reform report that places the most stringent emphasis on core requirements is

32.        The whole language movement focuses on

Chapter 7

33.        Teachers shape the curriculum by

34.        The federal government influences curriculum by

35.        Colleges and universities shape elementary and secondary school curriculum by

36.        Scanning several pages of a textbook to assess typical sentence length and word difficulty is most associated with:

37.        A textbook uses “he” and “mankind” to refer to all people. This is an example of bias called

38.        Academic subjects considered sensitive from a religious context include

39.        Textbooks do not include more extensive coverage of religion because

40.        The main point of The Saber Tooth Curriculum is that

Fill in the blank and short answer questions below need to be answered on your own paper. The number in parenthesis is the amount of points possible for that question.


(2)       1.         Schools reflect and promote __________      __________.


(10)   2.                        What were the four broad goals for schools enumerated by John Goodlad? List at least five specific additional goals that the public expects schools to meet.

(10)   3.                        Describe the three waves of educational reform outlined in the text. In your opinion, why has one of these waves been so dominant?

(10)   4 .           Characterize the verbal interaction in a typical classroom. Who talks, how much, for what reason?

(10)   5.                        Sketch the differences between tracking and ability grouping. Why is there a popular movement to "detrack"? Do you believe that the detracking movement is working?

(10)   6.                        Should we demand uniforms in all schools? Why or why not?

(10)   7.                        What makes a school effective?

(2)       8.  If students are to succeed in school they must be able to cope with continual _______ as a standard __________  __________.


(10)   9.            What does Robert Slavin mean by saying “education is like fashion and design”? Do you agree? Why or why not?

(10)   10.           Give an example of a lesson a student might learn from each of the following: the formal curriculum, the extracurriculum, the hidden curriculum.

(10)   11.           Which of the following do you feel most strongly about – positively or negatively – and why? Teaching critical thinking skills; the “back-to-basics” movement; the extracurriculum.

(10)   12.           What are the contemporary subject matter trends and tension points?

(14)   13.           Name seven forms of bias found in textbooks and curricular materials and give an explanation of each.

(10)   14.           Briefly describe content standards, performance standards, and opportunity-to-learn standards.

(10)   15.           Do you agree with Kohn that standardized testing undermines learning? In the next decade do you think schools in the US will become more or less reliant on standardized tests? Justify your answer.



Match the description in column B with the term in column A.



Column A

Column B


1.       magnet schools

a.   science, math, history, English, foreign language


2.       A Place Called School

b.   involvement of for-profit companies in education


3.       open enrollment

c.   a study and a book that explore school practices and the purposes of schooling


4.       Edison Schools

d.   students not required to attend closest public school


5.       “five new basics”

e.   planned community with a state-of-the-art school


6.       A Nation at Risk

f.    includes open enrollment, vouchers, and charter schools


7.       school choice

g.   English, social science, computer science, math, science


8.       “Celebration”

h.   offer unique educational programs in such areas as technology or arts


9.       third wave of school reform

i.    report showing reading gains for low-scoring students


10.       privatization

j.    Chris Whittle’s private-enterprise attempt to reform schools



k.   report that criticized “cafeteria-style curriculum” and called for “five new basics”



l.    viewed schools as the center of a network of social service agencies

Chapter 5

Life in Schools


Match the description in column B with the term in column A.



Column A

Column B


1.       norm-referenced tests

a.   can be harmful to low-achieving students


2.       tracking

b.   tests constructed by classroom teachers to determine individual programs of study


3.       Jeannie Oakes

c.   studied how time is spent in schools and how efficiently schools use time


4.       John Goodlad

d.   the Metropolitan Achievement Test and the Scholastic Assessment Test


5.       Philip Jackson

e.   corrected regularly, correlates positively with student achievement


6.       Signithia Fordham and John Ogbu

f.    author of The Good High School, a presentation of effective schools


7.       affective student needs

g.   strong advocate of detracking


8.       James Coleman

h.   author of The Adolescent Society


9.       homework

i.    describes teachers as gatekeepers, determining who talks, when, and for how long


10.       Sara Lawrence Lightfoot

j.    conducted ethnographic study which revealed a strong anti-achievement climate among some African-American high school students



k.   subject of Carnegie Council on Adolescent Development report



l.    described the importance of peer groups in elementary schools

Taught in Schools Chapter 6


Match the description in column B with the term in column A.



Column A

Column B


1.       cultural literacy

a.   recommended greater emphasis on vocational training


2.       critical thinking skills

b.   child-centered approach to education using learning centers


3.       metacognition

c.   organization of educational content to meet specified outcomes


4.       open classroom

d.   the incidental learning that results from interactions between students and their environments


5.       hidden curriculum

e.   fundamental knowledge or information shared by most of society


6.       Jerome Bruner

f.    author of High School, who called for a new core curriculum


7.       formal curriculum

g.   new focus in the curriculum, responding to the information society


8.       Mortimer Adler

h.   advocate of understanding disciplines in terms of their structure, not just their content


9.       extracurriculum

i.    philosopher who outlined 12 years of required courses


10.       Ernest Boyer

j.    student activities such as sports, newspaper, orchestra



k.   awareness of one’s own thinking



l.    multiethnic approach to teaching subject content

 Chapter 7

Controversy Over Who Controls the Curriculum


Match the description in column B with the term in column A.



Column A

Column B


1.       readability formulas

a.   key concepts and facts that some believe all students should study


2.       fragmentation

b.   effort by educators and subject area experts to define common subject-matter guidelines


3.       core knowledge

c.   system for choosing textbooks, often in South and West


4.       textbooks

d.   presenting only one aspect of a complex problem or issue


5.       imbalance

e.   requires students to synthesize knowledge from different areas and actively use that knowledge


6.       state adoption

f.    including only a box or separate chapter on famous people of color


7.       content standards

g.   opposed to core curriculum; in favor of more radical approach than multicultural education


8.       authentic assessment

h.   content analysis technique to probe the portrayal of issues in textbooks


9.       Allan Bloom

i.    suffer from “dumbing down” and “mentioning”


10.       Afrocentrists

j.    assess the level of difficulty of a textbook



k.   pioneer in the field of multicultural education; calls for increased cultural pluralism



l.    claims the university curriculum has no vision of what an educated individual should know; recommends curriculum canon